【IELTS寫作範例】- 污染(Pollution)

By CISM HK Staff


“Many countries are experiencing serious problems with their environment, with pollution of their land, water, and air. What are these problems and how might they be reduced?”

There are many negative impacts on the lands, air quality, and water availability. Among other factors, this issue has been caused by deforestation of old-growth forests, not replanting the trees people have cut down, and leaving the soils bare and thus causing soil erosion.

Although housing is a global issue, it is vital that human beings live sustainably with the world around them. Maximizing the land space to ensure that people’s infrastructural and agricultural needs are met can also reduce their environmental footprint. In addition, many researchers have been showing the negative consequences to the use of plastics, as they do not degrade very easily and fill the landfills. Therefore, even if plastics cannot be completely eliminated due to being very integrated in modern society, using other biodegradable fibers can aid this process.

Water and air quality are other affected factors. Many countries have very poor air quality and many of their citizens, primarily the elderly, children, and those with respiratory issues, enjoy walking outdoors. Plants, trees, and algae are species that filter air and, when increasing their quantity, they aid in reducing air pollutant concentration. Additionally, countries with enormous landfills burn their plastics, reducing the amount of garbage on their streets. Minimizing the amount of burning and quantity of garbage will increase air quality. Globally, droughts and floods are struggles that are issues predominantly due to increased precipitation levels, melting icebergs, and/or rising temperatures. Lessening people’s footprint via ecological restoration will help reduce climate change and these effects.

In conclusion, humans still have lots to learn on sustainability and there are multiple ways to reduce their footprint.

Word Count: 268
  • 這篇範文裡有許多高分的單字和道地的慣用語。(紅字)
  • 主體段中針對汙染源提出了精闢的解讀。

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